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Venice to Xanadu: 
Marco Polo’s Silk Road 


presented in cooperation with the Silhroad Foundation, 

Center for the Pacific Rim of the University of San Francisco and its Ricci Institute, 
The Italian Cultural Institute, and the Mechanics’ Institute Library 

'Venice to Xanadu: Marco Polo’s Silk Road 


8:00 pm (performance) Uzkeki Dance LAUREL VICTORIA GRAY (Silk Road Dance Company, 

Washington, D.C.) 

8:10 PM (lecture) Rediscovering the Silk Road The "Silk Road," so named only in the nineteenth 
century, was a web of dozens of unpaved routes connecting India and China with the Mediterranean and 
Europe. Marco Polo traveled across one vast Mongol-ruled territory. Today it is divided into thirteen 
countries and many more cultural zones. S. FREDERICK STARR (The Nitze School Central Asian Institute, 
lohns Hopkins University) assesses how the legacy of the past will affect its prospects for the future. 

9:00 PM Intermission 

9: 1 5 PM (performance) Musical Legacies of the Silk Road (SEE INSERT) 

9: 1 5 PM Music From Marco Polo’s Venice ROY WHELDEN (vielle), PETER MAUND (percussion), 

CHERYL ANN FULTON (medieval harp) 

9:35 PM Azerbaijani Dance LAUREL VICTORIA GRAY (Silk Road Dance Company) 

9:40 PM Music from Medieval China and Mongolia WANG HONG and ZHAO YANG-OIN (Melody 

of China) 

10:00 PM Throat Singing From Tuva: PAUL PENA 


10:00 am (lecture) Mummies to Marco Polo: Perspectives on the Silk Road DR. ALBERT E. DIEN (Stanford 
University) surveys the territory through which the Silk Road passes, where influences of the great civilizations 
of the East and West — China, India, Rome and Byzantium — mixed with the native ways of life to produce a 
hybrid, eclectic mix of religions, cultures and artistic traditions. We view early Bronze Age mummies, the 
beginnings of the Silk Road, the emergence of oasis kingdoms, and the eventual decline and isolation of that 
area as sea trade replaced camel caravans. 

11:10am (lecture) Marco Polo and other Early Travelers to China PROFESSOR MORRIS ROSSABI 
(Columbia University): The thirteenth-century Mongols expedited and encouraged trade and travel between 
East and West, permitting Western merchants, craftsmen, and envoys, for the first time, to journey to China 
and Mongolia. Colorful and lively accounts include the writings about and of the famous Venetian merchant 
Marco Polo, missionaries john of Plano Carpini and William of Rubruck, and craftsman Guillaume Boucher. 
Rabban Sauma, a "reverse Marco Polo," was a missionary/diplomat from China who met with the Pope and 
the Kings of England and France. 

Noon-1 :30 pm Break for Lunch 

1:30 PM (lecture/performance) Costume and Dance from Central Asia LAUREL VICTORIA GRAY (Silk 
Road Dance Company) presents sumptuous costuming and spirited dance traditions of Silk Road cultures. 
Historically accurate Azerbaijani, Kurdish, and Bukharan costumes include authentic embroidery and 
weaving Ms. Gray collected on her travels to the East and reflect painstaking efforts to preserve traditional 
dress in the face of rapid change due to exposure to the West. 

2:35 PM Break 

2:45 PM (lecture) The Exchange of Princely Gifts Across the Silk Road LAUREN ARNOLD (research 
associate, Ricci Institute of the Center for the Pacific Rim, University of San Francisco): Medieval diplomats 
and merchants alike would give and receive lavish gifts as they established foreign contact. Marco Polo 
presented "fine vessels of crystal and other things" to Khubilai Khan. Franciscan monks followed in the 
trader's footsteps at the Yuan court. The princely gifts that were exchanged, and artistic influences, can be 
detected in paintings from both China and the West. 

3:30 PM Stretch break 

3:35 pm (panel discussion) Did Marco Polo really reach China? DR. )OHN M. SMITH (U.C. Berkeley) 


2 ^ 


Musical Legacies of the Silh Road 

May 4, 2001 


1 . Musfc From Marco Polo's Venice 

Roy Whelden (vielle), Peter Maund (percussion), Cheryl Ann Fulton (medieval harp) 

Lamento de Tristano & La Rotta Anonymous, London, Brit. Lib. Add. Ms 29987 

Via bombyci arr CAF 

Lauda selections Anonymous Italian, 13th century 

In Pro Anonymous, London, Brit. Lib. Add. Ms 29987 

The middle point of Marco Polo's life falls on one of the landmark dates of European music history^: the 
beginning circa 1300 of the ars nova. The musicians of the ars nova explored new territory in the fields of 
rhythm, meter and polyphony. Interestingly, Italy, and Venice in particular, seem to have been a generation 
behind western Europe in the development of this new music. 

The ars nova drew away from the tradition of monophonic music. Composers turned away from the 
antiquated traditions of the 13th century (troubadour, trouvere, cantiga, lauda) to concentrate on polyphony. 
But not, immediately, in Italy. The production of lauda (devotional songs) continued in Italy well past that 
landmark date of 1300. 

While it is easy to point out the landmarks in the history of music from the perspective of seven centuries, in 
fact, the demarcation of musical styles is fuzzy. A case in point is the (predominately) monophonic dance 
form known as estampie (France) or istampitta (Italy). The earliest examples come from the middle of the 
13th century in manuscripts of French provenance (Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, fonds frangais 844) 
The latest examples, written in ars nova rhythmic notation, are from 14th century' Italian manuscripts 
(London, British Library, Additional 29987). It is not surprising, perhaps, to find the monophonic tradition 
surviving as dance music. The practitioners of dance music would often be the jongluers (instrumentalists), 
a class of musicians who learned and transmitted their art by oral tradition-a kind of music making that 
tends to be conservative. 

We have combined these different traditions (lauda and istampitta) to give a representative sample of Italian 
music in the early 14th century. We offer four instrumental dances. The first is based on the lauda Gloria in 
cielo (performed instrumentally), which is then turned into an istampitta (specifically, into an istampitta and 
rotta — a characteristically Italian arrangement; the rotta is a fast variation on the ]ust heard istampitta). We 
perform two 14th century dances from the 29987 manuscript: Lamento de Tristano and In Pro. The first of 
these is another istampitta- rotta pair. The second is a single istampitta, but one of very complex structure 
and character. The remaining piece, Via bombyci, is our own construction. There are only two or three dozen 
extant medieval instrumental pieces. Modern musicians wishing to play medieval music are often forced to 
write it themselves, either using fragments of 13th and 14th century music (the istampitta Gloria in cielo is 
based not only on the lauda Gloria in cielo but on fragments of orphaned lauda) or composing the music 
from whole cloth, using one’s knowledge of the extant examples. 

|A final note: istampitta Gloria in cielo was written and performed by |ann Cosart and the ensemble Altramar. 
With their permission, we transcribed the music from their Dorian Recording Nova Stella. This felt fair, since 
Altramar has been using one of our pieces for years-Le premier estampie, which we reconstructed from a 
fragment in fonds frangais 844.1 

2. Dance From Central Asia 
Laurel Victoria Gray 

lim Grippo (Kanun and oud); Susan Rudnicki (doire and tombak ). Amy Cyr (nay) 


Munodzhat is a lament to God and the title of a poem by 1 5th century poet Alisher Navoi. The dance itself, 
set to classical Uzbek music, can be interpreted on two levels. One is the stor>' of a young woman who is 
forbidden to marry the man she loves. She prays for her deliverance from this situation and, in her despair, 
hallucinates, thinking she sees her beloved before her. She dances ioyously, only to realize that the 
apparition is just that — an illusion. She then surrenders to her fate. On a spiritual plane, Munodzhat 
symbolizes the search for the “beloved/’ the Sufi allegory for union with the divine. 

Choreography by People’s Artist of Uzbekistan, Ishar Akilov 


This dance is based on the eponymous book by Armen Ohanian, who describes her life at the beginning of 
the twentieth century in the Caucasus and Persia. The town of Shamakha, now part of Azerbaijan, was 
famous for two things — silk and dancing girls. “Glorious in all Asia Minor" Ohanain explained, “these dancers 
wandered from city to city, kindling all hearts with the music of their tinkling ornaments. . .Goddesses with 
languid eyes, in which smoldered the fires of all human passions, bodies trembling, waving delicate veils." 
The music is a traditional Azerbaijani wedding dance melody, and the costume is based on a 19th century 
watercolor of a dancer from Shamakha. 

Choreography by Laurel Victoria Gray 

3. Melody of China 

Wang Hong (multi instruments) and Zhao Yangqin (yangqin) 

Horse Racing (Mongolia) 

Lanterns Festival (North China) 

Joyful Xinjiang People 
(Northwest China — Uighur area) 

Music by Hai Huai 
Erhu solo; Wang Hong 

Folk Music 

Bahn solo: Wang Hong 

Traditional, arranged by Zhao Deming 
yangqin solo: Zhao Yangqin 
dapu (hand drum): Wang Hong 

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3200 Bc Horse domesticated on south Russian Steppe 

3000 BC Silk first produced in China 

2500 BC Domestication of the Bactrian and Arabian camel, vital 
for desert travel 

900 BC Spread of mounted nomadism 

753 BC Rome founded 

400 BC Empire of Alexander the Great expands into Asia 

300 BC Roman expansion begins 

Parthians establish their empire in Iran 

Qin dynasty unites China for the first time 

200 BC Han power reaches Tarim region. The Silk Road under 
China's control and the route to the West now open. 

100 BC Mithridates, Parthian king, sends ambassadors to both 
Sulla and Wu-ti to provide an important link 
between Rome and China. 

1 AD Silk first seen in Rome 

Kushan Empire of Central Asia. Sogdians trading on 
Silk Route. 

Chinese General Pan Ch’ao defeats Xiongnu and keeps 
the peace in the Tarim Basin. The stability of the 
silk road popularizes the caravan trades into two 
routes — north and south. 

China sends the first ambassador to Rome from Pan 
Ch’ao’s command, but he fails to reach Rome. 

Graeco-Egyptian geographer, Claudius Ptolemy, writes 
his Geography, attempts to map the Silk road. 

100 AD Rome sends the first Roman envoy by sea to China; 

Roman Empire at its largest and a major market for 
Eastern goods. 

The four great empires of the day — the Roman, 

Parthian, Kushan, and Chinese — bring stability to 
the Silk Road. 

200 AD Silk is woven into cloth across Asia, but using Chinese 

Han dynasty ends, China fragmented. 

300 AD Constantinople becomes Rome’s capital. Roman 
Empire splits in two. 

Dun Huang caves start to appear. 

Fa-hsien, a Buddhist monk, and one of the first 
known Chinese Silk Road travellers sets out to 
India by foot. 

A Chinese princess smuggles some silkworm eggs out 
of China. Silkworm farms appear in Central Asia. 

500 AD Silkworm farms appear in Europe. 

Nestorian Christians reach China. 

Split of the Turkish Kaganate into Eastern and Western 
Kaganates. Western Turks move to Central Asia 
from Mongolian Plateau. At the Chinese end of 
Central Asia, the Eastern Turks or Uighurs are in 
control. Sui Dynasty reunites China. 

600 AD Roman Empire becomes Byzantine Empire 

For the first two centuries, the Silk Road reaches its 
golden age. China very open to foreign cultural 

Islamic religion founded; Sassanian P^ia falls to the 
Arabs; Muslims control Mesopotamia and Iran, 
along with the Silk and Spice routes. 

700 AD Arabs conquer Spain in Europe, which introduces 
Eastern technology and science to Europe. 

Arabs defeat Chinese at Talas — papermaking 

introduced to West; Tang dynasty begins to decline, 
and with it, the Silk Road. 

800 AD Venice established as a city-state. 

Gunpowder invented in China. 

1 100 AD Genghis Khan unites Mongols, expansion of Mongol 
Empire begins. 

Silk production and weaving established in Italy. 

1200 AD Genghis Khan dies; Friar Giovanni Carpini leaves Rome 
for Mongol capital at Karakorum. Friar William 
Rubruck sent to Karakorum by the King of France; 
Silk Road trade prospers again under the "Pax 
Mongolica"; Kublai Khan defeats China and 
establishes the Yuan dynasty. 

Marco Polo leaves for the East. 

1300 AD Turkish Ottoman Empire in power; Tamerlane with 
capital in Samarkand rises and conquers Persia, 
parts of Russia and northern India 

Third silk road route appears in the north; Ibn Battuta, 
the first known Arab travels on a journey to China 
via the Silk Road. 

The Black Death spreads throughout Europe 

Mongol Yuan Dynasty collapses. 

1400 AD Death of Tamerlane leads to the decline of Mongol 
power; Ottomans conquer Constantinople. 

Fearing the power of Uighurs, Ming China reduces the 
trade and traffic dramatically on the Silk Road. 

The Silk Road comes to an end for purposes of silk; 
Lyon becomes the new center of the silk trade. 

1800 AD German scholar, Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen uses 
the term "Silk Road" (Seidenstrasse) for the first time. 

Thanks to Albert Dien, Adela Lee and Pat Bassett. 


LAUREN ARNOLD'S academic background is in medieval 
history and art history, with degrees from the University of 
Michigan. Her professional background includes museum 
administrator, book editor, and manager of an art gallery. 
Princely Gifts and Papal Treasures: The Franciscan Mission to China 
and its Influence on the Art of the West 1250-1350 was published by 
the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History, part 
of the Center for the Pacific Rim at the University of San 
Francisco, in 1999. She and a colleague rediscovered the 
painting of the "Heavenly Horse," thought to have been lost 
for over two hundred years. 

ALBERT DIEN attended Washington University, the Univer- 
sity of Chicago, and the University of California, Berkeley; his 
degrees are all from the latter. He has taught at the University 
of Hawaii, Columbia University and Stanford. Since retiring 
from Stanford seven years ago he has been to China as a 
member of delegations, attending conferences, leading tours, 
and for his own research. He is at present completing a volume 
on the material culture of the Early Medieval period in Chinese 
history (220-589 ad). He has participated in conferences in 
China at Dunhuang (1994) and at Kucha (1977) and taught a 
month-long workshop for 30 students at Dunhuang (1998). 

^ 3 

BIOGRAPHIES continued 

LAUREL VICTORIA GRAY has taught and performed 
throughout North America, Europe, Central Asia, and Australia. 
Specializing in the cultures of the Silk Road, Ms. Gray has 
traveled to Uzbekistan ten times, living there for two years. 
She has taught at George Mason University, the Iranian 
Community School, and has lectured at the Middle East Insti- 
tute, UCLA, Occidental College, and other universities. Her 
research articles have appeared in the Oxford University Press 
international Encyclopedia of Dance, the Wor/cf Encyclopedia of 
Contemporary Theatre. Dance Magazine, and numerous Middle 
Eastern dance publications. She was the recipient of the 1999 
International Academy of Middle Eastern Dance Award for 
Ethnic Dance. Ms. Gray currently teaches at loy of Motion in 
Washington, D.C. 

MORRIS ROSSABI, born in Alexandria, Egypt, moved to the 
U.S. when he was ten years old. His Ph.D. is in Chinese and 
Inner Asian history from Columbia University. He is author of 
Kfiubilai Khan: His Life and Times (University of California Press, 
China Among Equals (University of California Press), Voyager from 
Xanadu (Kodansha), Bounty from the Sheep (Cambridge Press), 
and other books and articles, including the essays on China’s 
relations with Inner Asia in all volumes of the Cambridge 
History of China. 1200-1800. He contributed catalog essays for 
exhibitions at the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco (1995) 
Metropolitan Museum of Art (1998 and 2001). He is on the 
Board of Advisors of the Soros Foundation projects on 
Central Asia and a recent recipient of Soros Foundation 
Individual Project Fellowship. He is currently Professor of 
Chinese and Inner Asian History at City University of New 
York and Columbia University. 

JOHN MASSON SMITH, JR. is Professor emeritus. History 
Department, University of California, Berkeley. He studied at 
Harvard (AB) and Columbia (MA, PhD) and taught Middle 
Eastern and Inner Asian history at Berkeley, 1962-93. His 
research has centered on imperial Mongol history (thirteenth 
and fourteenth centuries). He has written many articles on 
Mongol coinage, demography, diet, logistics, strategy, tactics 
and weaponry — e.g. "Dietary Decadence and Dynastic Decline 
in the Mongol Empire," journal of Asian History. 34 (2000). He 
has traveled for research in most of the Middle East, to con- 
ferences in Russia and Mongolia, on tour in Uzbekistan, and 
passing through Beijing. 

S. FREDERICK STARR, a historian, educator, musicologist 
and jazz musician, taught at Princeton and founded the 
Kennan Institute in Washington before serving as Vice Presi- 
dent of Tulane University and, for eleven years, President of 
Oberlin College. He now chairs the Central Asia-Caucasus 
Institute of the Nitze School. Johns Hopkins University in 
Washington DC, and is planning a new university for the Aga 
Khan. Starr took part in the October 2000 Humanities West 
program Nw Orleans 1900 as a speaker and a jazz clarinetist. 

CHERYL ANN FULTON is America’s premier performer of 
historical harps as well as an inspiring and popular performer 
of Celtic and contemporary music on lever harp. Her first solo 
album. The Airs of Wales, performed on an original Welsh triple 
harp, brought her international recognition. A member of 
Ensemble Alcatraz, she has performed and recorded with 
many of today’s leading early music ensembles in the US and 
abroad. Her medieval harp choir, Angelorum, performed on 
the latest Ensemble Alcatraz CD Cantigas de Amigo. Dr. Fulton 
holds a D.M. in early music from Indiana University. 

A native of San Francisco, PETER MAUND studied per- 
cussion at the San Francisco Conservatory of Music; tabla 
at the Ali Akbar College of Music; and music, folklore, and 
ethnomusicology at the University of California, Berkeley 
(A.B., M.A.). As a Ph.D candidate at Berkeley, he specialized in 
the music of north India. He has performed and recorded with 
various early music, contemporary music, and world music 
ensembles throughout North America, the U.K. and Europe, in- 
cluding Alasdair Fraser’s group Skyedance, Davka, Chanticleer, 
Ensemble Project Ars Nova, Paul Hillier, Quaternaria, and 
Hesperion XX. 

While searching for a language program on short-wave radio, 
singer/songwriter PAUL PENA chanced to hear throat-singers 
from Tuva. Fascinated, the blind singer first searched for 
someone to explain what he had heard, then taught himself 
the technique. A touring throat-singer invited him to visit 
Tuva and participate in a competition. Pena, accompanied by 
an independent film maker, went and won the competition. 
The resulting documentary, "Genghis Blues" was nominated 
for an Academy Award in 1999. The attention has sparked a 
new interest in an album from 1973 that was never released. 
"New Train" was released in 2000 and has won much praise. 
Born in Massachusetts to a family with roots in Cape Verde, 
Africa, Pena studied flamenco guitar in Spain and Portugal. 
He has learned Cape Verde Creole, Spanish, Korean, Chinese, 
lapanese and a little Tuvan. 

WANG HONG is a member of Chinese Nationalities Orchestra 
Society, Artistic Director of Melody of China, a music 
educator, composer and performing artist. Under the sponsor- 
ships of world music festivals he has performed and lectured 
in Europe and the Far East. Wang Hong is a graduate of 
Nanjing Normal University’s Music Department where he 
studied er-hu (Chinese fiddle) and Huqin (Chinese 2-stringed 
instruments). He is a member of the Chinese National 
Orchestra Society, the Chinese Musicians Association, and 
former Board Director of the Chinese Wind Instruments 
Society. At present, he is a Chinese instruments instructor at 
Laney College at Oakland, San Francisco Community Music 
School and active participant in the educational program 
Young Imaginations in Marin County. 

ROY WHELDEN, a trumpet player from the age of seven 
and cellist from twelve, discovered the viola da gamba while 
a graduate student in music theory. Studies of the gamba 
and medieval vielle eventually led to a D.M. from Indiana 
University. Whelden has performed and recorded with ensem- 
bles from around the United States and Europe, including 
Sequentia and Ensemble Alcatraz. Since 1986, he has per- 
formed with American Baroque and recorded with them his 
own compositions: Galax and Like a Passing River. A recipient of 
a grant from California Arts Council in the year 2000, Whelden’s 
current compositional projects include the completion of a 
multi-movement work titled journeys. 

ZHAO YANG-QIN is the hammered dulcimer soloist of 
Melody of China and member of Chinese Nationalities 
Orchestra Society. Prophetically named, she has established 
herself as one of the foremost yangqin (Chinese dulcimer) 
performers in the world, having been elected to the presti- 
gious Chinese Musicians Association and the Chinese 
Nationalities Orchestra Society. In 1982, she graduated with 
honors from Nanjing Normal University’s Music Department 
and eventually became head of the faculty of instrumental 
music of that university. Ms. Zhao has been invited to perform 
and lecture throughout the world. 

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William S. Howe, Jr. 

Jolene Huey 
Henrietta O. Humphreys 
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Mr. and Mrs. Douglas J. Maloney 

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Mary McVaney 

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Mrs. George R. Monkhouse 

Julie and Jim Monson 

Alexandra Morgan 

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Ms. G. Murphy 

Carolyn Murray 

K. Marie Nelson 

Shirley Nelson 

Joanna and Neil Nevesny 

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Tito and Bobbi Patri 

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Mr. and Mrs. Rollin Post 

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Jane Reldveen 

Dianne Reynolds 

Francis J. Rigney M.D. 

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Mark Robertson 
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Dr. and Mrs. David Rose 
L rviA Rosman 

Mr. and Mrs. John Rosston 
Martha Rubinson 
Ernest and Sonya Ruehl 
Selma Sabuncuoclu 
Fred Schildmacher 
Mariorie Schuchard 
Sally Shepard 
Bonnie Silverman 
Gerald Simon 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward Simons 
Carolyn Skovbroten 
Pierrette Spetz 
Robert and Becky Spitzer 
Dr. Nancy C. Sprotte 
Mr. and Mrs. Craig Sullivan 
Dr. John O. Sutter 
Lucille Sutton 
Lucille Sweeney 
Blodwen Tarter 
Eugenie Taylor 
Pat Templin 

Thomas and Shirley Thomson 
Marie Tilson 
Jill Toth 

Marsha Ann Townsend 
Monika Trobits 
Mark Dicker 

Richard W. and Georgina 
Van Horn 

Barbara Van Raalte 

Shirley Victor 

Norma Walden 

Maxine Wallace 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Waugh 

Kristi Wessenberg 

Priscilla Wheeler 

Theresa Whitener 

Timmie Will 

Betsy and Gary Willcuts 
Janette F. Williams 
Ann Williamson 
Monty Worth 
Connie Yeager 
Rhoma Young 
Eugene and Zita Zukowsky 
Amy and Paul Zwicker 

Donate to Hunnanities West when you shop on line! if 
you go through the HW website to order books from, HW will receive a donation. They do not 
have to be books from the HW reading list. You may also 
designate HW as a recipient of donations when you shop 
at the "charity malls" and 

Credit available from San Francisco State University 
Extended Education. Applicants must attend both the 
Friday and Saturday programs. For information call 

Group Ticket Purchasers Receive Discount 

Discounts offered to groups of 10 or more: clubs, alumni 
associations, college classes, senior residences, tour 
groups. Season or individual program tickets; one or two 
days. Call Pat Bassett for details 415/391-9700. 

YES! I want to support public humanities 
programs and enjoy special advantages as 
a donor to Humanities West. 

Order preferred seating Season or individual 
program tickets before public sale. 

Dine with our speakers. 

Receive Humanities West N^vps with program details, 
bibliography, special event information, preferential 
seating ticket order form. 

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"loin" cards & envelopes are available in the theater lobby, 
or call Humanities West at 415/391-9700. 





A giant of the Italian Renaissance, indeed of Western civilization, Michelangelo Buonarroti has left an unparalleled 
legacy of brilliant, highly personal art, architecture, and poetry. His frescoes in the Vatican Palace and his architecture 
and sculpture for St. Peter's Basilica have linked the name of this passionate Florentine patriot inextricably with the 
Eternal City of the popes, where he spent nearly half of his eighty-nine years. Excellent speakers will reexamine some of 
il divino Michelangelo’s greatest works in light of stimulating recent scholarly and scientific discoveries. A program of 
secular and sacred music enriches the cultural, political, and religious backdrop of Renaissance Rome. 


Barcelona stands unique among the great cities of the world. Its cultural singularity is owed to Catalan pride; its beacon 
to the traveler is manmade beauty against a landscape blessed by sun, wind and sea. The journey into Barcelona's past 
begins with the story of the fiercely independent Catalonian spirit, captured by traditional Catalan music Friday 
evening. Saturday, experts explore the mid- 1800s to the early 20th century, when the beautiful medieval city was trans- 
formed by visionary urban planners. They view with us the city of art nouveau through works of the writers, artists, and 
architects who called Barcelona home. Highlighted is the incomparable architecture of master Antoni Gaudi. 


Europeans rediscovered ancient Egypt after the incursion of Napoleon. In the nineteenth century, the unearthing of the 
Rosetta Stone and the magnificent artifacts of King 'Tutankamon's tomb lure writers and artists as well as archeologists 
to Egypt. Friday evening’s program reveals how ancient Egypt inspired and transformed Western art, from furniture, archi- 
tecture and design to the operas of Giuseppe Verdi. Saturday, distinguished speakers from across the country illuminate 
the lives and beliefs of the great pharoahs; view glorious architecture, art and technology of the realm 3500 years ago; 
and show exciting recent excavations on the Nile. 


All Seating is Reserved. All programs take place at Herbst Theatre 401 Van Ness (at McAllister) San Francisco 

FRIENDS/DONORS season ticket orders receive priority. Continuing donors, please fill out the DONOR section below. Join 
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« 7 

HUMANITIES WEST recommends... 

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through the Board of Trustees of the War Memorial. 

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President, Armen Baliantz, Wilkes Bashford, Nancy H. 
Bechtle, Bella Farrow, Mrs. Walter A. Haas, Jr., Chrysanthy 
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PHONE 415/391-9700 
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Spring 2001 « exploring history to celebrate the mind and the arts » 


May 4 and 5 , 2001 
Merest Theatre, San Francisco. 

presented in cooperation with the The Silkroad Foundation, 

University of San Francisco, Center for the Pacific Rim and Its Ricci Institute, 
the Italian Cultural Institute and the Mechanics’ Institute Library 

"... there never was a man, be he Christian or Saracen or Tartar or Heathen, who ever travelled over so much of the world as did that noble and illustrious 
citizen of the City of Venice, Messr Marco the son of Messr Nico/o Polo." 

— The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East. 

The name "Silk Road," Seidenstrassen, was first applied by the 
19th century German geographer, Ferdinand von Richthofen, 

(yes, uncle to the infamous Red Baron) to this trade route of 
antiquity. Both Greeks and Romans referred to China as 'Seres’, 
and it is from this that the word silk is derived. 

The Silk Road was in actuality a network of routes evolving 
over centuries, but it was in essence a trade route linking the 
East with the West, a journey of about 7,000 miles. Silk was the 
main export from China, sought by the Romans for their "glass 
togas" and driving the trade routes extensions until the secret 
of making the fine silk thread and cloth was transferred to 
Europe via Byzantium. Once the secret itself travelled the trail. 

Continued on Page 6 


. SOi 


. . Lake Balkaih' 

Sea r'-turfan'" 

^ Kashgar ) 

Bokhara | 




FRIDAY EVENING, S. Frederick Starr discusses life in the thirteen countries crossed by the Silk Road today. 

Fred Starr, Chairman of the Central Asia Studies Center of the Nitze Institute of lohns Hopkins 
University, was the very popular Saturday afternoon lecturer and guest clarinetist at HW’s 
"New Orleans" program in October. SATURDAY, travel across Asia and back in time with 
distinguished scholars. From medieval Venice all the way to Cathay, the wondrous exotic trails 
still have the power to draw us. 

FRIDAY EVENING, enjoy music from Marco Polo's Venice and across Central Asia, culminating 
in world music master Paul Pena's performance of Tuvan throat-singing, an ancient art that now 
captivates audiences in the West as well as East. 


See HW advance ticket purchase order form, page 7 

Friends of HW Special Events 

Save tfie Datesl 

Pre-Program Stops on the Silh Road 

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28 7:30 pm 
Music of Venice 
at Old St. Mark's Cathedral 

The Italian Cultural Institute presents 
Quartetto d’Arcfii di Venezia in concert, 
music by Boccerini, Malipiero, Maderna 
and Verdi. $10 Friends of HW, $15 gen- 
eral public. St. Mary’s Cathedral, 1111 
Gough Street (at Geary), San Francisco. 
Tickets and reservations 415/788-7142. 

THURSDAY, APRIL 12 6:00 pm-7:30 pm 
Three Cities of the Silh Road 

loin us for a slide-illustrated talk by 
Frank Rettenberg, who recently returned 
from a tour of Central Asia. He is a 
retired foreign service officer and 
member of the World Affairs Council and 
HW Board of Directors. Mechanics' 
Institute, 57 Post Street 4th Floor. FREE 
to Friends of HW; $5 for the general 

TUESDAY, APRIL 17 6:00 pm-7:30 pm 
Tuva Calling 

This slide-illustrated journey to Tuva 
includes a live demonstration of throat- 
singing and the musical instrument the 
Igil. Presenters Seth Quittner and Lemon 
DeGeorge will describe music and 
musicians of 'Tuva; the Tuvan country- 
side, people and culture; and Tuvan 
shamanism. They include personal 
accounts about the Bai-Taiga region, 
where both of them spent time living 
with nomads in yurts. 

Lemon DeGeorge is a Bay Area musi- 
cian and recording engineer. He was 
one of the main characters in the Qscar- 
nominated film “Genghis Blues," as 
well as the sound recordist on location 
in Tuva. DeGeorge recorded and co- 
produced the CD "Genghis Blues" in his 
studio in San Francisco. Seth Augustus 
Quittner is a Bay Area musician and 
graphic designer. He first heard 
throatsinging in 1998, soon became a 
student of Paul Pena's and has since 
studied with several Tuvan Masters. He 
does four styles of throatsinging and 
plays the Igil, a 2-stringed, bowed Tuvan 

This program is FREE and open to the 
public. San Francisco Main Library Koret 
Auditorium (Grove and Larkin streets). 
Presented in cooperation with the San 
Francisco Public Library. Seating is unre- 
served. For information call 415/391-9700. 

Message from the Chair 

Dear Friends of Humanities West: 

Congratulations to all connected with Rome in the Year One. It was one of our 
most successful programs in recent years, and we are especially grateful to 
Diane Middlebrook, a member of our Advisory Council, for her work in 
organizing and moderating this excellent program. 

Now that we have studied life in Ancient Rome, it is time to turn our 
attention to the Silk Road. Venice to Xanadu: Marco Polo’s Silk Road is the final pro- 
gram in our seventeenth season, and it allows us to link two areas — Venice and 
Asia — that have each been the subject of several Humanities West programs 
over the years. Like many of our presentations, the Silk Road program repre- 
sents the flowering of an idea that has been under discussion for some time. 
Special thanks go to Charles Bowman, our Secretary/Treasurer and a member 
of our Board, for his efforts in organizing this program. 

1 am also pleased to report that we received an enthusiastic response to the 
program preference survey that was distributed at the Year Qne program. As 
experienced attendees of our programs know, we distribute these surveys only 
once every two years, and we give them great weight in planning our programs. 
Although a three-line description can only begin to do justice to most of the 
program ideas, 1 think the survey conveyed a good sense of how rich many 
of the 14 program ideas could be. We will be using the survey results as we 
begin to plan the programs for our nineteenth season, which will begin in the 
Fall of 2002. 

Finally, as you now know from Nancy Buffum's letter, she will be leaving her 
post as Executive Director at the end of our current fiscal year to spend more 
time with her young family. Nancy has served as our Executive Director for 
nearly seven years, and we deeply appreciate the skill, energy, tact and tenacity 
that she has brought to her work. We are now in the midst of searching for a 
new Executive Director, and we recognize that the challenge of recruiting an 
equally able successor will be substantial. Qn the other hand, we also know that 
Humanities West has a track record of presenting excellent programs and 
enjoys widespread audience support, and we are sure that those things will help 
us in attracting excellent candidates. 


HW seeks Executive Director 

The Board of Directors is recruiting a new Executive Director for 
Humanities West, a 17-year-old non profit presenter of public cultural 
programs with an annual budget of $220K. The Executive Director is 
responsible for program development, production and marketing; 
audience and resource development; management and budget 
administration. He/she works closely with the Board of Directors, and 
is assisted by the Associate Director, Advisory Council, contractors and 
volunteers. Required: mature, creative individual with excellent verbal 
and writing skills, able to adhere to tight performance deadlines; proven 
record of achievement in the arts and humanities. Salary commensurate 
with experience. Cover letter and resume to: Search Committee. 
Humanities West 57 Post Street #8 1 4, SF, CA 94 1 04. 

« 2 » 

Message from the Executive Director 

Humanities West, Future Vision 

There is much to look forward to at Humanities West. Vemce To Xanadu: Marco Polo's 
Silk Road (May 4 and 5 at Herbst Theatre) has been long awaited by many of us. 
Next year's season includes three programs audience members rated highly on 
the 1999 audience survey: Michelangelo, Barcelona, and ancient Egypt. As the 
future program survey at 'Rome' indicates, there is no shortage of topics in the 
history of arts and ideas to bring humanities lovers to Herbst Theatre for many 
years to come. 

1 am especially pleased that with the help of local colleges and universities, 
the California Classical Association, the San Francisco Unified School District, 
and you, donors to Humanities West, that more teachers and students are now 
coming to HW programs. HW continues to do our part to foster an informed, 
intellectually curious citizenry and offer a public place for exploring history to 
celebrate the mind and the arts. 

1 would like to see a full theater every program, with Friends of HW subscribing 
and bringing your friends; cooperating institutions introducing new audiences 
to our programs; and a portion of the seats reserved for students and educators. 

As you see from the notice of a search for a new Executive Director, 1 am 
leaving my position this summer, after this my seventh season. 1 look forward 
to spending more time with my children. I also look forward to staying active 
with Humanities West, where 1 have learned so much and made so many friends. 
I'll see you at Herbst Theatre! 

Nancy Buffum 

HW Board Notes 

We would like to welcome longtime HW donor and season subscriber lay Wiener 
to the HW Board of Directors. Jay Wiener is a lawyer in San Francisco. He received 
his B.A. in History from Reed College and his ).D. from the University of Mississippi, 
his home state. In addition to his interest in art, literature, and music, he is an 
accomplished mountain climber and cross-country skier, just this year becoming a 
World Loppet Master, upon his completing his tenth international cross-country 
ski marathon. Jay's primary civic involvement, at present, is the organization of an 
international architectural competition, through the San Francisco Museum of Modern 
Art, to investigate how ecological requirements and new technologies will reshape 
mountain huts. 

WEDNESDAY, April 4 5:45 pm 

Orville Schell (journalist and Dean of the 
Graduate School of Journalism at U.C. 
Berkeley) in an armchair interview with 
Marsha Vande Berg (Editor, Tfie World 
Report) "Focus on U.S.-China relations on 
the eve of China's accession to the WTO." 

APRIL 11,2001 5:45 pm 

"Korea: Asia's New Miracle in the 21st 
Century" a talk by Dr. Patrick Lloyd 

Cooperating Institution Events 

Hatcher (Kiriyama Distinguished Scholar- 
in-Residence at the University of San 
Francisco Center for the Pacific Rim). 

Both events take place at University of 
San Francisco, Lone Mountain Campus, 
Room 100, 2800 Turk Street (between 
Masonic & Parker) and are co-sponsored 
by University of San Francisco Center 
for the Pacific Rim and Its Ricci Insti- 
tute and the Commonwealth Club of 

Many thanks to these generous 2000 
Appeal donors, whose donations in part 
support the young scholars program. 

Susan Arnesen 
Helene Baribault 
James ].& Caroline Boitano 
Charles Bowman 

Joseph Dellert/The Artisans Picture Framing 

Rene di Rosa 

Maria DiDomenico 

Henry T. Donahoe 

Rev. Richard Fabian 

Margaret Feldstein 

J. Gordon Frierson, M.D. 

Sara Garrison and Tim Bever 
H.M. Hale 
Todd Hansen 

Charles and Susie Hanson 

Mildred and Malcolm Holliday 

Earl G. LeDet 

Tim Madsen 

Eleanor Matheu 

Lynn A. McGowin 

Marne Good &• Brian McHugh 

Thomas & Janet McKinley 

Charles and Nancy McLaughlin 

Patricia S. Miller 

Dr. & Mrs. Nicholas L. Petrakis 

Richard Raymond 

Bob Reader 

Phyllis Brooks Schafer 

Marion Schwartz 

Dr. Amy R. Sims 

Dr. Nancy C. Sprotte 

Barbara Willenborg 

Kublai Khan 

California. FREE and OPEN TO THE 
PUBLIC. Reservations recommended; 
call (415) 422-635. Other programs also 
available: ask for a schedule. 

* ♦ * 

The Silkroad Foundation presents 
lectures, classes and forums at Stanford 
University Inner Asia Study Center, 

« 3 » 


Herbst Theatre, 401 Van Ness Street (at McAllister), San Francisco 

FRIDAY, May 4 8:00 pm-10:I5 pm VENICE TO XANADU 

5:30-7:30 PM Speakers Dinners open to HW Sponsors, Patrons and Fellows: see order form page 7 

8:00 pm S. Frederick Starr (The Nitze School Central Asian Institute, )ohns Hopkins University) 

Rediscover the Silk Road Today 

9:15 PM Musical Legacies of the Silk Road 

Guest performers take us from 14th century Venice to the inner reaches of Asia. The exotic instruments, 
melodies and costumes rediscovered evoke the wonders Marco Polo and other early European trav- 
elers may have experienced on the journey to China six hundred years ago. 

Music From Marco Polo's Venice Cheryl Ann Fulton (medieval harps), Roy Wheldon (vielle). Kit Higgin- 
son (recorder, psaltry), Peter Maund (percussion): medieval estampies and saltarellos, an instrumental 
version of a lauda, and pieces from Francesco Landini. 

Dance From Central Asia Laurel Victoria Gray (Silk Road Dance Company) dazzles with traditional 
rhythms and movement. 

Throat Singing From Tuva: world music master Paul Pena first brought this amazing art to the world's 

attention in the movie "Genghis Blues." 

SATURDAY, May 5 1 0:00 am-4:00 pm 

10:00 AM Albert E. Dien (Stanford University) 


Mummies to Marco Polo: Perspectives on the Silk Road 

1 1 : 1 0 AM Morris Rossabi (Columbia University) Marco Polo and other Early Travelers to China 

Noon-1 :30 PM BREAK for lunch: to reserve your place at Friends Luncheon see page 7 

1:30 PM Laurel Victoria Gray (Director, Silk Road Dance Company, Washington, DC) 

Traditional Costume, Music and Dance from Central Asia 

2:40 pm Lauren Arnold (independent scholar) 

The Exchange of Princely Gifts Across the Silk Road 

3:35 PM Panel Discussion 

Did Marco Polo really reach China? 



Contribute some of your holdings to Humanities West. You get 
a tax deduction for their full current value and avoid capital 
gains tax and commission charges! Talk to your broker about it! 

Traditional Costume, Dance and 

Music From Central Asia 
1 :30 PM Saturday at Herbst Theatre 

The sumptuous costuming and spirited dance 
traditions of Silk Road cultures are a vital part of 
world dance history and practice. The visual feast 
of historically accurate costumes displayed in 
this lecture/demonstration include Azerbaijani, 

Tadjik, Kurdish, and Bukharan. Laurel Victoria Gray 
(Artistic Director, Silk Road Dance Company Washington, 
DC) collected authentic embroidery and weaving on her 
travels to the East; her costumes reflect painstaking efforts 
to preserve traditional dress in the face of rapid change 
due to exposure to the West. Dancers model the costumes 
and demonstrate dance movements from each region. 

« 4 » 


Books in print on this list are available or can be ordered from A Clean Well Lighted Place for Books in Opera Plaza. Other books 
should be easily found at a university or public library. For a more extensive bibliography visit 

Arnold, Lauren. Papal Gifts and Princely Treasures: Tfie 
Transasian Mission to China and its Influence on the Art of 
the'^est 1250-1350. USF-Ricci Institute. 

Kalter, lohannes. The arts and crafts of Turkestan. New York: 
Thames and Hudson, 1984, cl983. 

Uzbekistan: heirs to the silk road / edited by lohannes Kalter 
and Margareta Pavaloi; with contributions by 
M. Pavaloi ... let al.]. London; New York: Thames 
and Hudson, 1997. 

Harvey, lanet. Traditional textiles of central Asia. New York, N.Y.: Thames and Hudson, 1996. 

Hansen, Henny Harald. Mongol costumes. London; New York: Thames and Hudson; Copenhagen: Rhodos International Science 
and Art Publishers, 1993. 

Ikats: woven silks from Central Asia: the Rau collection. Oxford; New York: B. Blackwell, in Co-operation with the crafts Council, ( 1988) 

Gibbon, Kate Fitz. Ikat: splendid silks of Central Asia: The Guido Goldman collection / Kate Fitz Gibbon & Andrew Hale. Boston: 

Museum of Fine Arts, 1997 (There’s a big expensive version of this and a smaller, cheaper version pub. in connection with 
the travelling exhibit) 

August, 2002 

This 15-day tour follows the footsteps of the great 
adventurers, archaeologists and Buddhist monks 
along the ancient silk road. The caravan routes cross 
unrelenting deserts with mirages, lush oases, breath- 
taking mountain passes and gulches in remote parts of 
China. View magnificent art and archaeological wonders, 
meet a diversity of tribes. Visit Xian; Lanzhou; study the 
world's largest and richest Buddhist art treasury with 
miles of ancient paintings; enter Chinese Turkestan-, see 
ethnic art in Urumqi. 

Escorted by William D. Y. Wu, Ph.D. (Art and Archae- 
ology, Princeton), who has escorted groups to China for 
the Museums of Fine and Modern Art of San Francisco, 
of San Francisco Mayor's Cultural Delegation; and United 
Nations Association, among others. 

Presented by Travel Directions. Includes a donation to 
Humanities West. 

For more information, call 415/391-9700. 

Nomads of Eurasia / edited by Vladimir N. Basilov ...Los 
Angeles, Calif.: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles 
County; Seattle, Wash.: Distributed by University of 
Washington Press, cl 989. 191 p. 

The Silk Road — An Ancient Road to Central Asia pub. in 1993 by 
Three Gorges Publishing House, (published in China so 
much of the English text is ludicrous, but great pictures! 

Travels in the Orient, 1« the Footsteps of Marco Polo. Cheneviere, 
Alain Konecky & Konecky, NY, 1997. 

Sogdian Painting by Guitty Azarpay 

When Silk was Gold a museum catalogue pub. by the 
Cleveland Museum of Art and the Met. 

Max Tilke Costume Patterns and Designs. An earlier 
edition of this book has been put up on the web: 

Beyond The Silk Road: Arts of Central Asia from the 
Powerhouse Museum Collection in Sydney 

Blount, Wilfrid. The Golden Road to Samarkand. The Viking 
Press, NY, 1973 

Marco Polo and the Discovery of the Western World, lohn Lamer. 

The Book ofSer Marco Polo the Venetian Concerning the Kingdoms 
and Marvels of the East. 1926. Ed., trans., notes by Colonel 
Sir Henry Yule, RE CB. London. 

« 5 » 

Two Notes — One Throat 


In the late '80s, while searching for a lan- 
guage program on shortwave radio, Paul 
Pena happened upon the didgeridoo-like 
wail of traditional Tuvan throat-singing. 
Infatuated, the blind singer searched for 
seven years before anyone could explain 
what he'd heard. Once identified, the 
longtime bluesman taught himself the 
ancient Asian art form. The placement 
of one's tongue, sometimes curled at the 
top of your mouth as if pronouncing an 
'L' creates the harmonics that enable two 
notes at once. "Your tongue is just sitting 
on a fence while the sound moves 
around it," he explains. 

...the Oscar-nominated documentary 
Genghis Blu^s... chronicled Pena's journey 
to Tuva (a country near Mongolia that's 

now a part of Russia) for a throat-singing 
competition — Paul Pena won in two 
categories and earned the nickname 
"Earthquake" for his deep, piercing sound. 

Tuvan isn't the only language Paul 
Pena's fiddled with. Born in Massachu- 
setts to a family with roots in cape Verde, 
Africa, Paul's musician father sent his 
son to study flamenco guitar in Spain 
and Portugal. Over the years, Pena has 
learned Cape Verde Creole, Spanish, 
Korean, Chinese, japanese and a little 
Tuvan. "1 wouldn't say 1 have a perfect 
memory" Pena demurs, "but it was easy 
for me to remember lyrics and melody." 

— excerpt from article by Neil Gladstone in 
New Music November 2000 

Paul Pena performs as part of “Musical 
Legacies of the Silk Road" 

Friday evening, May 4 at Herhst Theatre. 

Friends News About Town: 

“Rome in the Year One” was a sell-out Saturday February 24 at Herbst 
Theatre! Speakers Luncheon and Dinner were full a month in advance of 
the program. There was standing room only February 8 at the pre-program 
"Walks in Rome" at the Italian Cultural Institute. Thank you for your 
support, and for filling out the future program topic survey. Season ticket 
raffle winners will be notified in April. 

If you enjoyed the "Rome" program, you may be interested in joining the 
California Classical Association, a valuable resource organization for the HW 
program. Information/brochure; California Classical Association, 30 Gloria 
Drive, San Rafael, CA 94901 , 

Continued from Page 1 

the Silk Road began to wither, and the 
exotic trade cities along the path became 
isolated and their grandeur waned. 

The Silk Road was also a pathway for 
new ideas and religions. It was an 
"ancient information highway." The perils 
of this long journey were endured as a 
means to an end. ..devotion soothed the 
travails of crossing mountains and 
desert. Beyond geography, there was 
weather and pirates. Caravans of up 
to 1000 camels were thus a safety 
measure. Caravansarais were stationed 
along the way at about 25-km intervals, 
which would have been the daily travel 

Items travelling along this route 
included from the west were gold, 
textiles, saffron, cucumbers, pome- 
granates, peaches, melons, wine and 

colored glass, as well as peaches from 
Samarkand, horses from Ferghana, dwarf 
jugglers from Persia and the magical 
"camel bird" (ostrich) from China came 
ceramics, cinnamon, rhubarb, bronze, 
paper, printing, gunpowder and of 
course, silk. 

Marco Polo has become an icon for 
the Silk Road because he was the first to 
record his travels to China and the court 
of Kublai Khan. When he returned to 
Venice, he was given the command of a 
galley dispatched with a Venetian fleet to 
repel the Genoese. He was taken 
prisoner and taken to Genoa, where 
he was able to dictate the story of 
his adventures to a fellow prisoner, 
Rustichello, who was a writer from Pisa. 
Marco Polo has thus eclipsed his uncles 
Maffeo and another Marco, and his 
father Niccolo. The elder Polos travelled 
to the East twice while Marco only once. 

The following excerpt is from his 
book: "...and at the end of your journey 
you arrive at the very great and noble 
city of YANIU (Yang-chau), which has 
seven-and-twenty other wealthy cities 
under its administration; so that this 
Yanju is, you see, a city of great impor- 
tance. It is the seat of one of the Great 
Kaan's Twelve Barons, for it has been 
chosen to be one of the Twelve Sings. The 
people are Idolaters and use paper- 
money, and are subject to the Great 
Kaan. And Messer Marco Polo himself, of 
whom this book speaks, did govern this 
city for three full years, by the order of 
the Great Kaan. The people live by trade 
and manufactures, for a great amount of 
harness for knights and men-at-arms is 
made there. And in this city and its 
neighbourhood a large number of troops 
are stationed by the Kaan's orders. There 
is no more to say about it..." 

« 6 » 


57 Post Street, Suite 814 
San Francisco, CA 94104 

i 1 AWl ' 

FAX 4 15/39 1-9708 

Meet our fascinating lecturers 
at the Speakers’ Dinner at 
STARS Restaurant 

Sponsors, Patrons and Fellows of Humanities 
y^est are invited to join program speakers 
for the Humanities West Season Opening 
Night dinner on Friday evening. May 4, 
at Stars Restaurant in their private 
Banquet Room. This excellent restaurant 
is located at 555 Golden Gate Avenue, 
within easy walking distance of Herbst 
Theatre. We will convene at the restau- 
rant at 5:30 p.m. 

Meet our Speakers at Indigo 
during the Friends' Luncheon 

Indigo serves delicious food in a sophis- 
ticated setting. All Friends of Humanities 
W^st are cordially invited to join us on 
Saturday, May 5, between the morning 
and afternoon sessions of the program. 
Indigo is at 687 McAllister Street, near 
Gough, a short block-and-a-half behind 
Herbst Theatre. Guests will have a 
chance to share a table and break bread 
with speakers and fellow Humanities 
West supporters. This is a popular 
event — R^s^rv^ early as space is limited! 


Humanities West offers ticket discounts 
to groups of 10 or more, and other 
privileges if the group includes a Friend 
of Humanities West. Past groups include 
Delta Sigma Theta, Harvard Club, and 
Fordham Alumni Association. 

HW Encourages Student Groups: 

The Institute for European Studies, U.C. 
Berkeley frequently underwrites tickets 
so that participants, usually student 
teachers, may attend HW programs at 
no cost. Other area colleges and univer- 
sities partially underwrite ticket costs for 
students or teachers; and several Friends 
of HW who are professors have ordered 
tickets for classes to qualify for group 

If you are affiliated with a learning 
institution that may be interested in 
helping subsidize tickets to HW pro- 
grams, or want to order tickets for a 
group and receive a discount, please call 

Speakers' Dinner and Friends Luncheon Reservations Form 

for the Silk Road program 

EH Yes, 1 am a Sponsor, Patron or Fellow of Humanities West and would like to 
attend the Speakers' Dinner. 

Please reserve place(s) in my name for dinner Friday night. May 4, at 

STARS, 555 Golden Gate, at 5:30 p.m. Enclosed is my check, payable to 
Humanities West, for $55 per person. 

EH Yes, 1 am a Friend of Humanities West and would like to attend the Friend's Luncheon. 

Please reserve place(s) in my name for luncheon at INDIGO, 687 

McAllister Street, on Saturday, May 5th. Enclosed is a check, payable to 
Humanities West, for $45 per person. 

A letter of confirmation will he sent approximately two weeks prior to the event. 





Please return this form to Humanities West, 57 Post Street, Suite 814, San Francisco, 
CA 94 1 04. Please make check payable to Humanities West. Telephone; 4 1 5/39 1 -9700 
fax; 391-9708. 


VENICE TO XANADU: Marco Polo's Silk Road 
May 4 and 5, 2001. 

Please order your tickets as soon as possible. Donors will receive priority until March 28th. 

Please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope and mail to City Box Office with your order. 
Tickets will be mailed approximately 4 weeks prior to the program. 


INDIVIDUAL TICKETS Marco Polo's Silk Road May 4 and 5, 2001 

ALL SEATING Orchestra/Dress Circle/Grand Tier 




Quantity Total 

Friday & Saturday May 4-5 




X = $ 

mail/fax order fee per ticket 

$ 3 


$ 3 

X = $ 

Friday May 4, 8;00 pm- 10; 1 5 pm 




X = $ 

Saturday May 5, 10:00 am-4:00 pm 




X = $ 

mail/fax order fee per ticket 




X = $ 

Student/Teacher Discount $5 per ticket (Balcony ONLY) 


X = ($ ) 


O Enclosed is my check payable to CITY BOX OFFICE Tickets are non-refundable. 
Luncheon is not included. 





State Zip 

O Please charge my credit card; 
Account # 

O Visa 0 Mastercard 

Expires; Mo. Year 

Name on card (please print) 

Authorized Signature 


180 Redwood St, Suite 400, San Francisco, CA 94102 
Please enclose a stamped, self addressed envelope Fax orders: 415/986-041 1 

« 7 » 


October 12-13, 2001 

February 2002 


Rediscovering the Splendid Realm 
May 2002 

Mos^s by Michelangelo 

From the tomb of the high priest Userhet at Thebes: 
The mother and the wife of the deceased 

Antoni Gaudi: Design for the Guell Cellars 
in Garraf (Barcelona) 

Look for your preferred seating season order form in the mail in May or June. 

57 Post Street, Suite 814 
San Francisco, CA 94104 




San Francisco, CA 94104 

PAA 415/391-9/08